“Interpol Red Notices and the Rights of Refugees”

August 14, 2013

Huffington Post on August 13, 2013 released the following:

By: Alex Tinsley

“Late last month, INTERPOL, the international police cooperation body, highlighted a news story on its website, suggesting it should be in the running for a Nobel Peace Prize because of the significant changes in the organisation in the last decade.

In terms of numbers, there is no doubt that INTERPOL is growing fast. In 2011, it issued 7,678 Red Notices – ‘wanted person’ alerts, which inform police and border agents across the world that a person is wanted in a certain country. The figure has more than quintupled since 2001.

However, as the recent cases of Sayed Abdel Latif and Mukhtar Ablyazov have showed, the increasing recourse to INTERPOL’s systems is having a dramatic impact upon the institution of asylum, leaving some important unanswered questions about how Red Notices affect refugees.

Syed Abdel Latif is the Egyptian national who sparked an international media storm after he claimed asylum in Australia. Checking his name against INTERPOL’s databases, the Federal Police spotted a Red Notice stating that he was wanted to serve prison sentences in Egypt for convictions for murder and terrorist violent crimes. Cue public outcry at a dangerous man living in a family asylum centre.

However, Latif’s lawyers dug around, and discovered that he had, in fact, been convicted not of murder and mayhem but of membership of an illegal organisation – in a trial which observers criticised for its use of evidence obtained under torture. INTERPOL reportedly updated the Red Notice and suddenly the equation had changed.

It is, of course, helpful to know if someone claiming asylum is accused of serious crimes in their home state. But, as a Canadian Federal judge warned in 2010, Red Notices cannot be taken at face value on the assumption that they emanate from a ‘reliable, reputable and objective source’. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has indicated (page 28) that information in a Red Notice should be treated as if it came from the country behind the Red Notice – in this case Egypt. Indeed, reacting to the news, Australian minister Brendon O’Connor felt moved to go on record stating that Red Notices were ‘often wrong’ and need approaching with caution.

The reality, however, is that frontline police currently rely heavily on Red Notices: the information may come from a police office in a distant country, but it is approved by INTERPOL and carries its imprimatur. This is great for tackling serious cross-border crime, but it is also leading to increasing numbers of refugees being arrested on their travels.

This led to another big story, of Mukhtar Alblyazov, a Khazak banker reportedly granted asylum in the UK who was recently arrested in France as a result of a Red Notice – following the alarming arrest and expulsion of his wife and daughter in Italy. INTERPOL is reported to have responded to the story stating that police consulting its systems would not have known he was a refugee, only that he was wanted for crimes.

True enough, INTERPOL may not always know a person has asylum, but a savvy observer should recognise persecution when it sees it, and other, more clear-cut cases Fair Trials International has seen recently show that some countries are currently getting past INTERPOL’s controls.

Consider the case of Petr Silaev [], previously featured on this website: a young activist who took part in a demonstration in Moscow, fled the ensuing police crackdown and was recognised as a refugee in Finland, only to be arrested in Spain after an investigator in Moscow issued an INTERPOL alert to try him for ‘hooliganism’. The Spanish court, highly suspicious of the investigator who was after Petr, sensed illegitimate motives and refused to cooperate. INTERPOL could have done so itself, sparing Petr his ordeal. In the video below, Petr discusses the impact of this arrest on his life.

Cases like these have prompted the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the world’s largest regional security organisation, to call on INTERPOL to reform its oversight mechanisms, while members of the European Parliament are beginning to recognise that ‘something must be done’ to prevent the arrest of those recognised as political refugees in the EU.

Indeed, the arrest of a refugee is a serious matter. These are people the international community has chosen to protect, and INTERPOL must do all it can to avoid undermining that protection. As INTERPOL nears its 100th birthday, it is an opportune moment to have the discussion about the way forward.”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
INTERPOL Red Notice Removal Lawyers Videos:

INTERPOL Notice Removal

INTERPOL’s Red Notice

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To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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“Interpol looks for Icelander – Last seen in Paraguay”

August 7, 2013

News of Iceland on August 7, 2013 released the following:

“The International Criminal Police Organization, Interpol, looks for Icelandic Friðrik Kristjánsson. He has not been seen or heard from since April but was last seen in Paraguay. The Icelandic police officially started looking for Friðrik early July this summer.

Friðrik is 30 years old and was traveling in South-America. The Icelandic police asked for Interpols assistance when trying to locate Friðrik this April. He was then believed to be in Paraguay or Brazil. The search was unsuccessful.

Many stories and rumors about his disappearance have been floating around, but the rumors seem to have been unfounded. The Icelandic police doesn’t want to comment on the search but say the matter is not a criminal case.

Stöð 2, news agency in Iceland reported in April that the police had information about Friðrik being killed abroad. The police denies those stories.

Interpol describes Friðrik as being 175 cm tall, blue eyed with brown hair and speaking Icelandic, English and Spanish.”

Friðrik Kristjánsson’s Yellow Notice

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
INTERPOL Red Notice Removal Lawyers Videos:

INTERPOL Notice Removal

INTERPOL’s Red Notice

————————————————————–

To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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“Improving regional investigative response to radiological and nuclear terrorism focus of INTERPOL conference in Panama”

August 5, 2013

INTERPOL on August 5, 2013 released the following:

“PANAMA CITY, Panama – Some 60 officers from nine Central and South American countries have attended an INTERPOL meeting in Panama to develop a coordinated regional approach to preventing terrorism that makes use of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosives (CBRNE) materials.

Organized by INTERPOL’s CBRNE Terrorism Prevention Programme and the INTERPOL National Central Bureau in Panama, the five-day meeting (29 July to 2 August) was aimed at identifying regional methodology for leading effective intelligence-driven, prevention-orientated investigations into acts of terrorism involving CBRNE weapons, materials and technology.

Topics of discussion included regional operations against trafficking in radioactive materials, radioactive and nuclear materials sources, incident response mechanisms and radiation detection equipment used in CBRNE operations.

“The risk of CBRNE materials being used by terrorists is very real and it is critical that we work together to address the threat if we want to keep the Americas, and indeed the whole world, safe for its citizens,” said Panama Police Director Julio Molto.

Bringing together representatives from regional law enforcement agencies, customs, border control forces, public health authorities and fire services in addition to specialized CBRNE police officers, the INTERPOL meeting included practical exercises, scenario-based tabletop exercises and familiarization with mobile detection systems.

“Combating the security threat that hazardous materials poses in the region requires a concerted regional approach amongst different public security sectors,” commented INTERPOL’s CBRNE Programme Manager Anthony Thomas.

“This meeting has served to give countries a regional overview of the radiological and nuclear terrorism threat, and a better idea of how they can work together more effectively in countering it.”

Participants will be sent a follow-up survey within the next six months to enable the region to assess the steps they need to put in place in their respective countries as it relates to CBRNE terrorism prevention.”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
INTERPOL Red Notice Removal Lawyers Videos:

INTERPOL Notice Removal

INTERPOL’s Red Notice

————————————————————–

To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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“INTERPOL issues global security alert advising increased vigilance for terrorist activity”

August 5, 2013

INTERPOL on August 3, 2013 released the following:

“LYON, France – Following a series of prison escapes across nine INTERPOL member countries in the past month alone, including in Iraq, Libya and Pakistan, the INTERPOL General Secretariat headquarters has issued a global security alert advising increased vigilance.

With suspected Al Qaeda involvement in several of the breakouts which led to the escape of hundreds of terrorists and other criminals, the INTERPOL alert requests the Organization’s 190 member countries’ assistance in order to determine whether any of these recent events are coordinated or linked.

INTERPOL is asking its member countries to closely follow and swiftly process any information linked to these events and the escaped prisoners. They are also requested to alert the relevant member country and INTERPOL General Secretariat headquarters if any escaped terrorist is located or intelligence developed which could help prevent another terrorist attack.

Staff at INTERPOL’s 24-hour Command and Coordination Centre and other specialized units are also prioritizing all information and intelligence in relation to the breakouts or terrorist plots in order to immediately inform relevant member countries of any updates.

August is the anniversary of violent terrorist incidents in Mumbai, India and Gluboky, Russia as well as in Jakarta, Indonesia. This week also marks the 15th anniversary of the US Embassy bombings in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in which more than 200 mostly African citizens were killed and 4,000 others injured.

In recent years, terrorist attacks focusing on diplomatic facilities in Afghanistan, Greece, India, Kenya, Libya, Pakistan, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tanzania, Turkey and Yemen have also resulted in hundreds of casualties of all nationalities.

The US State Department has also issued a global travel alert in response to credible intelligence suggesting that Al-Qaeda and affiliated organizations continue to plan terrorist attacks between now and 31 August, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa. In addition to the US authorities announcing the one-day closure of more than 20 diplomatic missions on Sunday 4 August, the UK Foreign Office has also confirmed the closure of the British embassy in Yemen on 4 and 5 August.”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
INTERPOL Red Notice Removal Lawyers Videos:

INTERPOL Notice Removal

INTERPOL’s Red Notice

————————————————————–

To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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International criminal defense questions, but want to be anonymous?

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“Interpol warns of criminal focus on $176 billion carbon market”

August 5, 2013

RTCC.org on August 5, 2013 released the following:

“Crime agency says lack of oversight and transparency threaten the environmental integrity of the world’s carbon markets

By Ed King

Carbon trading schemes are at acute risk from criminal gangs and fraud, a new report from Interpol warns.

The police agency says uncertain regulations and a lack of oversight and transparency threaten the environmental and financial integrity of the world’s carbon markets, worth an estimated $176 billion.

And it says that there is a risk that if financial instruments related to carbon trading become too complex, the world’s carbon markets could spark a financial crisis on par with 2008.

The report says law enforcement agencies must be more aware of ‘carbon crimes’, improve communication between countries and impose tighter regulations on transactions and calculations of emissions reductions.

“Unlike traditional commodities, which at some time during the course of their market exchange must be physically delivered to someone, carbon credits do not represent a physical commodity but instead have been described as a legal fiction that is poorly understood by many sellers, buyers and traders,” Interpol says.

“This lack of understanding makes carbon trading particularly vulnerable to fraud and other illegal activity.”

Areas Interpol says criminals seek to exploit include over-claiming for credits, the sale of credits that do not exist, false claims relating to a project’s benefits, money laundering and online credit theft.

And it warns that even third party auditors, employed by schemes like the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism to verify projects, may be susceptible to “bribes or collusion” to manipulate the results.

“The discrepancy between the objectives of the financial players in the market – to maximize profit – and the overall objective of the Kyoto Protocol – to ensure overall greenhouse gas emissions are reduced – places diverse pressures on the regulation of the market when drawn alongside other typical commodity markets,” says the report.

Lucrative takings

High profile criminal cases include a 2010 hacking attack on cement maker Holcim, resulting in the theft of 1.6 million credits worth €23.5million, while in 2011 hackers stole two million carbon credits from registries in Austria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece and Poland.

In 2012 three men in the UK were sent to prison after running a £39 million tax fraud related to carbon trading. And earlier this year one of Britain’s most prolific money launderers Ian Macdonald was jailed for eight years for an £18 million carbon credits scam targeting vulnerable UK investors.

“It is imperative that the carbon trading markets remain secure from fraud, not just to protect financial investment, but also because the global environment depends upon it,” said Andrew Lauterback, Senior Criminal Enforcement Counsel at the US Environmental Protection Agency.

“This criminal activity risks seriously undermining the environmental integrity of the carbon markets globally,” added David Higgins from Interpol’s Environmental Crime Programme.

Jamal Gore, Deputy Chair of the International Carbon Reduction and Offset Alliance (ICROA) welcomed Interpol’s drive to raise awareness of criminality in the sector, but told RTCC many of the issues raised in the report had already been resolved.

“ICROA’s Code of Practice, the governance mechanisms of the voluntary carbon credit standards and the emergence of professionally managed carbon credit registries together address many if not all of the issues related to the voluntary carbon market that the guide raises,” he said.

“The publication of the guide in its current form therefore represents a missed opportunity. By highlighting both the challenges facing the carbon markets and the work already being done to drive best practice, it could have better served its purpose of reducing carbon trading crime. Instead it risks sowing doubt just when we need to redouble our efforts to fight climate change.”

Large target

Carbon trading is the world’s fastest growing commodities market. In June, China launched the first of seven pilot projects, with an aim of developing a national emissions trading scheme (ETS) by the end of the decade.

The UN runs two schemes, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI), which are targeted at improving low carbon investment in the developing world.

The EU ETS is worth an estimated $148 billion, the US-based Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) $249 million and New Zealand’s market $351 million.”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
INTERPOL Red Notice Removal Lawyers Videos:

INTERPOL Notice Removal

INTERPOL’s Red Notice

————————————————————–

To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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International criminal defense questions, but want to be anonymous?

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“INTERPOL launches new technology to detect fraudulent travel documents”

July 31, 2013

INTERPOL on July 30, 2013 released the following:

“LYON, France – A new police tool has been launched by INTERPOL and the G8, enabling the INTERPOL community to exchange information on fraudulent identity and travel documents.

Known as Dial-Doc (Digital INTERPOL Alert Library – Document), the technology makes it easy for officials in any of INTERPOL’s 190 member countries to check if a travel document is fake, through comparison with worldwide images of counterfeit documents.

Dial-Doc will play a central role in the swift provision of information to law enforcement agencies, particularly in the fields of border management and the fight against identity fraud, human trafficking, terrorism, and financial crime.

It is an integral part of INTERPOL’s strategy to provide integrated solutions for border security and to offer access to an array of systems and data that help officers to prevent and combat transnational crime.

“This important reference tool for travel document fraud is the culmination of intensive and fruitful cooperation leveraging the combined expertise of INTERPOL and migration experts from the G8 countries,” said Lynn Lawless, Director, Enforcement and Intelligence Programs Management, Canada Border Services Agency, and representing the G8 Roma-Lyon Migration Experts Sub-Group.

“Dial-Doc will assist in the global fight against document and identity fraud and the criminal activity it facilitates,” she added.

Up until now, INTERPOL member countries have circulated their own ‘alerts’ relating to fraudulent travel documents. Dial Doc is the data processing platform which regulates this information and makes it accessible to all INTERPOL member countries in a user-friendly manner.

Once the country submits their ‘alert’ to INTERPOL, a quality control activity is performed before final validation and its publication within the INTERPOL Information System.

Fabrizio Di Carlo, Dial-Doc Project Manager, said: “The launch of Dial-Doc represents a milestone in the fight against forged documents. We now encourage as many countries as possible to share data related to fraudulent travel documents in order to fulfil the potential of this vital law enforcement tool.”

Dial-Doc is a web-based application, available to authorized users via I-24/7, the Organization’s secure global police communications system and its restricted-access website. Currently in English, the platform will in future be translated into INTERPOL’s three other official languages (Arabic, French and Spanish).”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
INTERPOL Red Notice Removal Lawyers Videos:

INTERPOL Notice Removal

INTERPOL’s Red Notice

————————————————————–

To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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International criminal defense questions, but want to be anonymous?

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“Russia Requests Interpol Warrant for Hermitage Capital Boss”

July 25, 2013

RIA Novosti on July 25, 2013 released the following:

“MOSCOW, July 25 (RIA Novosti) – Russia has officially asked Interpol to put Hermitage Capital equity fund head William Browder on an international wanted list, following his earlier sentencing in absentia, the Interior Ministry said Thursday.

“On orders by the Prosecutor General’s Office, the Russian branch of Interpol has sent a request to the Interpol General Secretariat to issue an international search warrant for British citizen Browder William Felix, born in 1964,” the ministry said in a statement.

The statement said Browder had been sought on charges of grand fraud and tax evasion involving illegal purchase of Gazprom shares.

Browder was tried in absentia by a Moscow court in July and was sentenced to nine years in jail and banned from doing business in Russia for three years.

The case against Browder stated that he “ran companies that took part in the purchase of Gazprom shares in 1999-2004 at domestic-market prices, circumventing a ban on their sale to foreigners.” The court also ruled that “he tried to get access to the company’s financial reporting documents” and to influence decision-making via the board of directors.

In May, Moscow requested Interpol to issue a “blue notice” for Browder, requiring all 190 member states to “collect additional information about a person’s identity, location or activities in relation to a crime.”

However, the Interpol General Secretariat rejected the request, citing “a predominantly political nature” of the case against Browder.”

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Douglas McNabb – McNabb Associates, P.C.’s
INTERPOL Red Notice Removal Lawyers Videos:

INTERPOL Notice Removal

INTERPOL’s Red Notice

————————————————————–

To find additional global criminal news, please read The Global Criminal Defense Daily.

Douglas McNabb and other members of the U.S. law firm practice and write and/or report extensively on matters involving Federal Criminal Defense, INTERPOL Red Notice Removal, International Extradition Defense, OFAC SDN Sanctions Removal, International Criminal Court Defense, and US Seizure of Non-Resident, Foreign-Owned Assets. Because we have experience dealing with INTERPOL, our firm understands the inter-relationship that INTERPOL’s “Red Notice” brings to this equation.

The author of this blog is Douglas C. McNabb. Please feel free to contact him directly at mcnabb@mcnabbassociates.com or at one of the offices listed above.

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International criminal defense questions, but want to be anonymous?

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